Cybersecurity

Selfish Mining Attacks Exacerbated by Elastic Hash Supply

Several attacks have been proposed against Proof-of-Work blockchains, which may increase the attacker's share of mining rewards (e.g., selfish mining, block withholding). A further impact of such attacks, which has not been considered in prior work, …

A Privacy-preserving Mobile and Fog Computing Framework to Trace and Prevent COVID-19 Community Transmission

To slow down the spread of COVID-19, governments around the world are trying to identify infected people and to contain the virus by enforcing isolation and quarantine. However, it is difficult to trace people who came into contact with an infected …

Data-Driven Decision Support for Optimizing Cyber Forensic Investigations

Cyber attacks consisting of several attack actions can present considerable challenge to forensic investigations. Consider the case where a cybersecurity breach is suspected following the discovery of one attack action, for example by observing the …

Safe and Private Forward-Trading Platform for Transactive Microgrids

Power grids are evolving at an unprecedented pace due to the rapid growth of distributed energy resources (DER) in communities. These resources are very different from traditional power sources as they are located closer to loads and thus can …

Adversarial Deep Reinforcement Learning based Adaptive Moving Target Defense

Moving target defense (MTD) is a proactive defense approach that aims to thwart attacks by continuously changing the attack surface of a system (e.g., changing host or network configurations), thereby increasing the adversary's uncertainty and attack …

Blockchains for Transactive Energy Systems: Opportunities, Challenges, and Approaches

The emergence of blockchains and smart contracts have renewed interest in electrical cyber-physical systems, especially in the area of transactive energy systems. However, despite recent advances, there remain significant challenges that impede the …

Equilibrium of Blockchain Miners with Dynamic Asset Allocation

We model and analyze blockchain miners who seek to maximize the compound return of their mining businesses. The analysis of the optimal strategies finds a new equilibrium point among the miners and the mining pools, which predicts the market share of …

Vyper: A Security Comparison with Solidity Based on Common Vulnerabilities

Vyper has been proposed as a new high-level language for Ethereum smart contract development due to numerous security vulnerabilities and attacks witnessed on contracts written in Solidity since the system’s inception. Vyper aims to address these …

Mechanisms for Outsourcing Computation via a Decentralized Market

As the number of personal computing and IoT devices grows rapidly, so does the amount of computational power that is available at the edge. Since many of these devices are often idle, there is a vast amount of computational power that is currently …

Cyber-Attacks and Mitigation in Blockchain Based Transactive Energy Systems

Power grids are undergoing major changes due to the rapid adoption of intermittent renewable energy resources and the increased availability of energy storage devices. These trends drive smart-grid operators to envision a future where peerto-peer …